QUESTIONS OF RACE PERMEATE THE DISCOURSE OF LATIN AMERICAN LETTERS, AND INDEED RACE IS THE LETTER IF WE LOOK AT NEBRIJA.
RACE IS A VISUAL SIGNIFIER OF DIFFERENCE BUT AS SIGNIFIER IT IS MORE SUBTLE IN THE HISPANIC WORLD BECAUSE OF MESTIZAJE AND THE LETTER (although: who was it who said that “negro” in the Anglo Saxon world also meant unable to read? anyway: reading and writing whiten in the Hispanic world and that is what matters. BECAUSE of this and actual mestizaje, people need “discerning eyes.”
I do not necessary understand or agree with all of the following, but I wrote it down.
Latin American multiculturalism: it was never just about race and color; economic equality was never outside the debate; multilingualism, coloniality, all of this was there
The elites decided to unify the countries
The Question is how to to articulate alternative “epistemologies” once we are relieved of “mestizaje” and European universalism
We also need to develop regional agendas that do not fall into the twin traps of globality and provincialism
Mestizos exist in the United States; race in symbolic terms is central to Western consciousness
The Creole is created and produced as such
How is Arguedas postcolonial or not — he predates postcolonial theory
The absolute other
A culture that defines itself through achievement and productivity
Transformation not tolerance
The dominant culture involves ascension and consumption
Canada talks now not about “diversity” but about citizenship
Creolization as occidentalization and as the transfer of cultural capital upward
Mestizaje as whitening
Race and the letter: when we talk about it, think of de la cadena’s idea of race as a “spiritual” thing, a cultural understanding
Her piece may actually be key for me, because it is about racism accompanied by its denial.
Is my “evoke and elide” concept racism and denial, or not? I think not: it’s this deferral idea I was talking about before, this driving underground … or: strategies to defer discussion of the whole thing. I am not overreacting because Isafahani, Jackson, and all these people talk about it; they’re not listened to
Cecilia Valdes: racism and mestizaje; MESTIZAJE AS AN ‘ESTABLISHED DISORDER’ … Cecilia the novel raises, then defers the issue: go back to Gelpi’s article. It is about maintaining the established (dis)order or adjusting it.
MY POSSIBLE SUBTITLES: RACE AND IA STUDIES, MONGREL NATION, RACE AND THE LETTER, THE LUSO-HISPANIC WORLD, CECILIA VALDES, SPACES OF DIFFERENCE.
Think of the connections between CULTURALIST, SPIRITUAL, and LEGITIMACY / PATRIARCHAL
That October PMLA is evidence that formation theory is important
Seeing like a state / the racial state
Smith: “It is in aporias, dark sounds, spaces of difference, that blackness is, and the possiblity of resistence lies”
Andrews, Wade, et al. do not say you cannot compare, or that Americans cannot get it right, and French has already destroyed Bourdieu and Wacquant, so we know these arguments are silly; why am I worrying!
But: postethnicity, multiculturalism, and creolization are all interested in the hyphen.