Now, we will finish reading Lund on Garro

I did not do the things I said I would do yesterday late afternoon and evening because I was waylaid by a different work emergency. I would have much preferred to say I am sorry, but I must go; I hope to do so next time.

Now I will finish Lund, send some e-mail, and telephone the painter. Then, if business is not yet closed, I will pick up shoes, call that MD back, and see about the alignment in my car. After that, I will go to the studio. I will pass by the gym on the way home, and the grocery store.

Lund 134: The failure of alliance and its deferral to the ordering of a certain national vision is the fundamental historical and political critique Garro’s novel makes.  Its thematization emerges at all of the novel’s key turns; it is most often allegorized in the leading families’ cowardice.

The narrative voice keeps shifting, corresponds to different groups. Martín: good liberal and Maderista, his sympathies for his murdered Indian servants cannot coalesce into “political action (135).

Ixtepec in its drive to forget misses its historical moment (140).

People are willing to have Indians killed and avenge themselves on the “ingrata” Isabel, but not to rise up against the soldiers (mestizo/white men). Brutality can produce national hegemony, and “unity” stands alongside it as an empty slogan. (140)

Alliance fails in this novel and the way it differs from older novels of the revolution is that it confronts the subtle workings of race in a society premised on a racial contract of acculturation and fusion (141). Alliance fails, and the boundary marking the failure is traced along the line of actually existing segregation.

The fundamental object of the critique in this novel is Garro’s own cowardly social class, which has missed its historical opportunity. The mestizo state gazes on the way it has shamed Isabel, but finds only its own contradictions, its failures, its indigenous self … all reflected in black.

The mistake: Zapata and Madero have been monumentalized, but there is no actual solidarity around land and justice. Instead, the nation keeps reenacting its own foundational rituals of violence.

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